GOUD in andhra pradesh,similar ezhava,billava community

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GOUD in andhra pradesh,similar ezhava,billava community

Postby abishek_pdssingh » Wed Sep 29, 2010 10:13 pm

Mythological Origins
According to Gowd legend, they originated from the Great Sage Kaundinya who lived in kurnool district (around 1300 AD), who they believe originally invented toddy tapping. They believe that many kings came from their community including the Chalukya, and the Satavahana kings. The community is derived branch of somavamsha kshatriyas( Haihaya kshatriyas) who lived at the time of Parashurama. They pray the deity Renuka who is a kshatriya and mother of parashurama. She is also wife of jamadagni who is a brahmin.
At those times, the community needed a kshatriya type warrior position to spread soma to the people. They needed brahminical help to do different types of soma liquids.

Alcohol, Madhu or Nectar is first given to Demi Gods by Lord Vishnu in Mohini Avatar along with Kalpavriksha (present day coconut tree or palm tree). These trees may be 60 million years old. The timing also coincides with the timing of kurma avatar. Lord Vishnu is also called as Madhu or Madhusudhan. In the initial days, Gouds got patronized by Amrutham and started distilling different types of liquor. They used to serve liquor to the people to relieve them from different types of diseases and pains. They invented lot of ayurvedic medicines to sabotage different types of illnesses. They tried most of the trees and fruits to get different types of wines. Finally they invented toddy (only having 1 to 5 % alcohol) which is considered to be the best food as well as medicine, even today. Toddy is drunk mostly in the rural parts which is relatively low in price( of about ¼ the cost of Beer of same alcoholic content). Toddy is available only during February to May month of every year. The community will live like farmers during the rest of the year.
The Setti Balija’s and Sri Sayana’s original name was Goud. Their surnames Gudala,Gubbala, Geddada, Gouthu suggests that their original name was Goud - these adaptations first became known in the 18th and 19th centuries[citation needed]. Sri Dommeti Venkat Garu (A Goud), had a chief status and changed the community name to Setti Balija. Sri Dommeti Venkat Garu lived in Bodasakurru village near Kakinada of East Godavari District. The gouds are also called as Delta kings because they occupied the Delta
region of Godavari,Krishna and Guntur districts during the Eastern Chalukya Empire.

Kerala was considered be the origin of the Goud ,they also called Chetty in Kerala,but Ezhava are not Goud as early as Ramayana and Mahabharata times.
The Eastern Chalukyas ruled Andhra region from 7th century to 1189 CE. They had their capital originally at Vengi near Nidadavole of the West Godavari district and later changed to Rajamahendravaram (Rajamundry). During this period Gouds prospered around this
region. They constitute the single largest community in Godavari districts. Chalukya Bhima-I has constructed many Bimeshwar temples at Dhraksha Rama, Somarlakota( Present samalkot ). Chalukya kings constructed Someshwar temples at Nidadavole and Bhimavaram of West Godavari. This shows their liking towards soma.

Gundaya (950 CE) was the first known historical figure among the Kakatiyas.
There are lot of gouds residing around warangal or orugallu.The kakatiyas are belied to be of Racherla gotram kings. During the fall of Kakatiya empire, the musini surname families (Markandeya gotram) who ruled the kakatiya empire for 50 years got settled in Warangal,Nalgonda,Krishna and Godavari districts. There are lot of gouds with musini surname in the above districts. There are lot of villages like musinuri, musinipally, musinivari palem and musigampala. There are lot of other communities with these surnames.

During Vijayanagara Empire, the Gouds and Nadars were having dominant position in the society because of their huge population (Single largest community of South India) and the society dependency on toddy (a beverage which was called as mandhu (medicine). The rayana(surname is common in gouds residing in Ananthapur, Kurnool, Prakasham, Guntur, Krishna, and Godavari districts) families got settled during the fall of Vijayanagara empire. All the trading castes were having equal respect to the farming communities,as the income from farming was just below the income from different trades. Earlier to this empire from Neolithic Revolution, farming was a low profit self employment work by all communities including Tribals.
By the end of 18th century the British East India Company had consolidated their rule in Andhra. They brought modern cultivation methods with good transportation of materials. The cultivation become more profitable. The rich gouds entered into cultivation where as the Poor gouds stick to various low income professions and they become further poor.
The British also suppressed the gouds as the British wanted their products to be more used by the Indians.

Gouds use the name "Prasad" to represent their affinity for cultivating coconut fields and banana fields. The following surnames suggest that gouds mostly depend on tree products like Talla, thati (palm tree), nara, narikel, naragani (coconut), chintal, chintalapati (tamarind), mamidla, mamidisetti (Mango), panasa, arati (banana). Some surnames like annam (Rice) and cheruku (sugarcane) suggest their current day cultivation.
The members of the caste claim to have the following Gotras (exogamous groups)
Koundinya(Koundinya Rishi successors)
Pydipala (This gotram came around 1700 A.D.)
Racherla (This gotram came around 500 A.D.)

Gouds are found all over Andhra Pradesh, but large concentrations can be found in Ranga Reddy, East Godavari, West Godavari, Warangal, Nizamabad, Nalgonda, Karimnagar, Medak, Kurnool, Krishna, Khammam, Guntur and Adilabad, districts.
They are one of the most populous castes in Nizamabad, East Godavari, Nalgonda, Karimnagar, Adilabad, Warangal, Krishna, Prakasham, Nellore, Anantapur, West Godavari, Medak, Ranga Reddy, Mahbubnagar, Khammam and Hyderabad districts.
In Godavari districts, they are the most populous caste and have equal political status as the Kapu Caste.

In Maharashtra, they are settled in Nanded & Latur region of Marathwada, Chandrapur of Vidharba and in Konkan region. Though population of this caste is small in Marathwada and Vidharbha and known as 'Kalal/Goud Kalal', there are large populations in Konkan region and known as 'Bhandaris'
In Telangana, castes with the largest population are the Gouds, Yadavs, Mudiraju, Padmashali, and Munnuru Kapus.
Common Surnames
Goud surnames will have the following suffixes:

Setti or setty - Visakapatnam, Godavari, Khammam and Krishna districts.
Like - Padamati,Medisetti, Marisetti,Maragani, Vasamsetti, Koppisetti, Mamidisetti,Anagani,Polagani, Bonagani etc
Matta, Katta, Borra etc
jampana one of the promonent surnames in krishna dist..Gani or gany - Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore &
Telangana(Gouni or Gowni or Goni).

Like - Ashangari,Gajula,Gandi,Gaddam,Gattu,Mettu,Gopagoni,Gopagani,Enumula, chittibomma, Undrakonda, Sure, Meduri, Akula, Reka, Sreeram, Veeranki, Addanki, Bathina, Busaram, Komara, Kancharla, Kapparapu, Karpoorapu, Dontha, Burra, Ragani, Kodi, Bolagani,Bommagani, Anagani, Margani, Nargani, Balagani, Sudagani, Nargana, Margana, Naragoni, Alegani, Bajaru, Talla, Bathini, Byragoni,
Sathyagouni,Balagouni, Balagowni, Deshagouni, Deshagowni, Veeragowni, Madasu, Balagoni, Badagowni, Chalamalla, Gavini, Goda, Godishala,Gottiparthi, Jalagam, Macharla, Manda, Pogula, Sudagani, Godella,katagouni,Narsingi.etc

setti surnames mostly came from the business profession. Gani or goni or Gouni or Gowni surnames came from the profession of Ganadhipathi( leader of warriers).

Nellore Dt surnames: Parvatala, Kammiti, Nasina, Pandi, Mulam, Nadavati, Jana, Kosuri, Tata, Jampani

Krishna Dt:Undrakonda,chittibomma, Badugu, Pamarti, Murrala, Bolla, Naragam, Pallagani, Chalpati, Rajulapati, Vemula,Jogi, Chimata, Sonti, Mekapothula, Mareedhu, Palagani, Parise, Veeranki,parasa,matta,anagani,motapothula,ijjagani,pandi,

Guntur Dt: Padamati ,chittibomma, Reka రేకా, Addanki, Vaddemgunta, Veeranki, Kapparapu, Karpoorapu, Vemulakonda, Sreeram, Vaka, Suragani, Donta, Anagani, Pandi, Kukkala, Evuri,mekapothula, maadu,

Warangal Dt: Konne, Gandi,Gaddam,Gattu,Mettu,Balne, Tabeti,gurram,ponnam khammam dt: veeranki, mekapothula, pandhi, motapothula, pilli,parasa nalgonda dist: Konne, VAILLA,ponnam

gou== Community ==

It comes under BC-B section 4. The following castes are considered as Goud community under AP BC act. List of B.Cs and categorization (As per G.O.Ms. No. 1793 Education Dept., Dt : 23.9.1970 as modified from time to time).

S.No. Caste Name S.No. Caste Name S.No. Caste Name S.No. Caste Name S.No. Caste Name S.No. Caste Name
1 Goud 2 Gowd 3 Gouda 4 Gowda 5 Goundla 6 Gamalla
7 Ediga 8 Idiga 9 Segidi 10 Sri Sayanas 11 Yatha 12 Settibalija

Traditional occupations
The Gouds originally prospered around the Godavari River. The Goud community adopted alcoholic beverage production and sale as their trade. This trade is believed to be a gift from God. The people who serve toddy are considered God-like (Somanath, Madhusudhana, and Gandharvas).

Gouds also support themselves in farming and warrior profession which is a generalised trade being followed by all communities. From Kshatriyas to Schedule castes are allowed to do cultivation. Warrior position is also given to all communities in different positions. Before the British came every community has a specific trade to do.

Gouds prospered during Eastern chalukya empire( goud kings), Kakatiya empire( Goud kings ) and Vijaya nagar empire ( Golla/Yadav kings).During these empires, all communities have a good respect in society. After the British came, some trades like (warrior positions) are lost and some trades like hand loom, fishing, animal herding etc have become unprofitable. Due to the British Agricultural Revolution, only farming become more profitable.

A substantial body of educated Gouds constitute captains of the Information Technology enterprises and have established India's largest software outfits like Infosys and HCL Technologies.In Telangana, Gouds are mainly found in the brewing/liquor industry.

Different Regions - Different Caste Names
• They are identified by different names in different regions.

Goud, Gowd or Gouda in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh.
Edigas or Goudu or Gowdu in Rayalaseema region and South Coastal Andhra.
Setty Balijas in East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Visakhapatnam.
Gowda or Gamalla in coastal Andhra pradesh (mainly in Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, West Godavari, Prakasam)
Sri Sayanas in Vishakapatanam, Vizayanagaram, and Srikakulam.
Bhandari in Konkan region of Maharashtra and Goa.
Goud, Goud Kalal, Kalal in Maharashtra.

Kalwars are members of the subcaste of "distillers of alcohol" within the Indian caste system. In modern times, they may follow any occupation. Kalwars are Haihayavamshi.They are classified as Of Somavamshiya Sahasrarjun Kshatriyas. Haihaya is branch of Somavamshiya Kshatriyas.They claim lineage from one of the greatest Kings of all times Rajeshwara Sahasrarjuna also known as Kartavirya Arjuna, one of the great Chakarvarti Samrats of India. Common Surnames

Jayaswal Jaiswal Jayswal Choudhary Gopaliya Gupta Ahluwalia & Walia Karnwal Mahawar' Lohiya Batham Kharidaha Vyahut Shoundik (sudi) kshyatriya Martha Pardesi kalar (central India) Shivhare Somvanshi Pareta Mewada Tak Porwal Purviya Suwalka Rai Choukse Dadsena Malviya Jain Jaiswal Jain Kalar Survanshi Daharwal Neorgade Shione Jaisar' Sahu Nashine Pashine Khuble Patel Verma Gulhare Sugnadhi Aarya Tikkiwal Talwar' Lanjekar They number an estimated 3,500,000 worldwide and mostly live in: Western and Northern India, Nepal, Central and Western Pakistan, Eastern Afghanistan, Germany. There are similar communities in different parts of India involved in same profession and back ground.Ezhavas or Thiyyas of kerala,Billavas and Thiyya billavas of South Kannada region,Edigas of Karnataka,Bhandari of Maharastra,Nadars of Tamil Nadu,Gouds of Andhra,Durave and Nalaver of Srilanka are of the same lineage

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